Similarly, shortly after Brazil legalized same-sex civil unions in , the Supreme Federal Court ruled that sexual orientation could not be a pretext for denying a couple the legal protections of marriage, although it stopped short of specifically authorizing same-sex marriage at the federal level. For libertarians, marriage legislation of any sort—either the legalization or the prohibition of same-sex marriage—fell outside of the role of government and was unacceptable. Many of these jurisdictions, as well as those that actively criminalize same-sex unions, contended that homosexuality and lesbianism are mental disorders and built their public policies on this premise. Soon thereafter similar laws, generally using specific vocabulary e. International In the early 21st century the countries that most seriously penalized same-sex relations tended to be in deeply conservative regions of the world, particularly Islamic theocracies and some parts of Asia and Africa. Outside Europe, some jurisdictions also adopted some form of same-sex partnership rights; Israel recognized common-law same-sex marriage in the mids the Israeli Supreme Court further ruled in that same-sex marriages performed abroad should be recognized , and same-sex civil unions went into effect in New Zealand and in parts of Argentina, Australia, Brazil, and Mexico in the early 21st century.
White HousePeople gathering in Lafayette Park to see the White House illuminated with rainbow colours in commemoration of the Supreme Court's ruling that effectively legalized same-sex marriage, June In early bills allowing for same-sex marriage were passed by legislatures in Maryland and Washington state. Among groups who feel strongly that same-sex marriage is problematic, there is also a tendency for the legal relationships of spouses, parents, and children to converge. As an indirect consequence, same-sex marriage was soon legalized by U. This legislation declared that same-sex marriages would not be recognized for federal purposes, such as the award of Social Security benefits normally afforded to a surviving spouse or employment-based benefits for the partners of federal employees. Thus, prohibiting a specific group from the full rights of marriage was illegally discriminatory. For libertarians, marriage legislation of any sort—either the legalization or the prohibition of same-sex marriage—fell outside of the role of government and was unacceptable. See Article History Alternative Titles: See also marriage law. Their responses regarding the morality , desirability, and administrative perquisites of same-sex partnerships have been equally diverse. Supreme Court building, Washington, D. Subsequent challenges to the laws made their implementation contingent on the results of ballot referenda, and in November voters in both states affirmed the laws. From this perspective, the movement to legally recognize same-sex marriage is a misguided attempt to deny the social, moral , and biological distinctions that foster the continued existence of society and so should be discouraged. In other countries, decisions on same-sex marriage were effectively turned over to individual states or districts. Later in the voters in California passed a referendum, Proposition 8 , that defined marriage as a union between a man and a woman. The act also restated existing law by providing that no U. By the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the perspectives of one or more of the world religions— Buddhism , Hinduism , Judaism , Islam , and Christianity —and their associated civil practices were often invoked during national discussions of same-sex marriage. In Canada became the first country outside Europe to pass legislation legalizing same-sex marriage. Opposition arguments broadly reflected the procreative position and frequently invoked biblical exegeses or other religious doctrine to support claims that marriage, strictly defined, should be available only to heterosexual couples. Advocates of both perspectives cited various and conflicting sociological studies in defense of their claims. Although advocates of the referendum quickly sought to contest the decision, it was upheld by a federal appeals court in February In October the U. In other words, partnerships involving sexual intimacy should have at least a notional potential for procreation. Elsewhere, Bermuda legalized same-sex marriage in , but the following year it passed a bill that replaced such marriages with domestic partnerships. In such societies, the possibility of arrest or institutionalization further reinforced taboos on same-sex intimacy and discussions thereof, typically driving such activities underground. Gay marriage was later made legal, under the same terms, elsewhere in the country.
Video about images of same sex marriage:
Our Wedding Day
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